However, Shibesh Chandra Regmi, chairman of the Association of International NGOs (AIN), defended the I/NGOs saying that their role remained crucial particularly to improving the country’s human development index.
“There has been substantial progress in areas of education, health, women empowerment, capacity building, and livelihoods in the country with contributions from the NGOs and INGOs,” said Regmi, questioning the effectiveness of the government’s own spending as large amounts of development budget remain unspent every year.
International and domestic non-government organisations have also come under the scanner for their conduct. According to SWC’s Tiwari, some institutions have become mediums to preach Christianity.
The Finance Ministry report says that most INGOs have the tendency to bypass local governments, which Regmi denies.
The government is trying to rein in the NGO and INGO sectors with the proposed National Integrity Policy. A clause of the NIP requires INGOs to seek approval from the local authorities before reporting to their headquarters abroad.
Due to strong protests from the organisations, the government has failed to implement the measures. Except for demanding a progress report every four months, other provisions of the directive issued by the Home Ministry in June have been withdrawn, said Tiwari.
Foreign funding for Organisations
Fiscal year Amount (INGO) Amount (NGO)
2015-16 Rs42.92 billion Rs23.63 billion
2016-17 Rs35.08 billion Rs18.95 billion
2017-18 Rs18.51 billion Rs20.00 billion
Source: Social Welfare Council