Stories By 'Shradha Ghale'
A new report reveals the challenges that local governments are facing across the country
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The process of establishing protected areas in Nepal has always been top-down and heavy-handed. The National Parks and Wildlife Conservatio (NPWC) Act allows the government to declare any site a protected area, with no obligation to consult the local and indigenous communities who live in that area.
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The hegemonic account of conservation relies on unequal power relations
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Do we really need another highway in the ecologically fragile Chure range?
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Protected areas in Nepal are militarised zones where governance largely means law enforcement. At present a total of 7,627 army personnel are deployed in 138 outposts in 10 national parks, 3 conservation areas and 6 protected forests.
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Conservation organisations claim that their ‘integrated conservation and development’ projects have allowed them to attain the twin goals of biodiversity conservation and community development in protected areas. But evidence suggests that reconciling conservation goals and community livelihoods remains a huge challenge in Nepal. This is particularly so in areas inhabited by poor, marginalised groups who directly depend on natural resources for their livelihood.
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