Province 1: Call for opportunities in land of great promise

- Chetan Adhikari, DAMAK

Aug 12, 2015-

The proposed State 1 includes 14 districts, only two short of the eastern development region. The state descends from the Himalayas to the southern plains, connecting with both India and China.Experts say people of this province will benefit greatly from their linkage with both the neighbouring countries. 

To the north, Sankhu-wasabha, Taplejung and Solukhumbu are linked with the Chinese territory while Sunsari, Morang, Jhapa, Ilam, Panchthar and Taplejung share the international border with India.

There are 44 constituencies spread over 25,905 square kilometres. The Mountains cover an area of 10,438 sq km, the Hills 10,749 sq km and the eastern Tarai sprawls over 4,718 sq km.

According to Census 2011, there are around 4.5 million people in this state, with a density of 175.6 per square kilometre. People from Jhapa, Morang and Sunsari are expected to get plenty of opportunities due to their market size.

Prof Yogendra Gurung of the Central Department of Population Studies at Tribhuvan University said the migration of people should be stopped by creating opportunities in all the districts.

“State facilities and services should be decentralised so that people who have left the districts in search of opportunities will return,” said Gurung. Those in 

foreign employment would also come back when they get jobs at home.

The state has a rich ethnic diversity with 14.66 percent Chhetris, 11.32 percent Rai, 11.2 percent Bahuns and 8.04 percent Limbus. The population of the Limbus is higher in Taplejung, Panchthar and Tehrathum districts. In Jhapa and Morang, Bahuns haze sizeable populations.

In Ilam, Bhojpur, Solu-khumbu and Khotang districts, the population of Rais is bigger than any other caste. The number of Tharus is significant in Sunsari. In Dhankuta, Sankhuwasabha, Okhaldhunga and Udaypur districts, the Chhetris outnumber any other caste.

Around 73.18 percent people are of the Hill origin whereas 22.46 percent are Madhesis and 3.58 percent Muslims in the province.

The CPN-UML and the Nepali Congress have strong bases in the state. During the second Constituent Assembly election, the UML won 23 seats and the NC 17.

UML Chairman KP Oli, NC General Secretary Krishna Prasad Sitaula, Madhesi Janadhikar Forum-Loktantrik Chairman Bijaya Kumar Gachhadar, NC central members Shekhar Koirala and Sujata Koirala, Sanghiya Samajbadi Forum Nepal Chairman Upendra Yadav and its senior leader Ashok Rai, among other influential leaders, are from this province.

Published: 12-08-2015 10:52

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