Print Edition - 2017-06-18 | World
Trump vows to overhaul Obama-era Cuba deal
Jun 18, 2017-
US President Donald Trump has vowed to overhaul Barack Obama’s deal to restore ties with Cuba, promising to instead support the Cuban people against Raul Castro’s government.
Trump on Friday flew to Miami’s Little Havana, spiritual home of the Cuban-American community, to denounce his predecessor’s “one-sided” settlement and pledge to work for Cuba’s freedom.
In practical terms, Trump’s review of the deal was limited. He will not break the diplomatic ties Obama worked so carefully to restore, nor does he plan to impose new trade sanctions.
But he did tighten rules for Americans traveling to Cuba, ban ties with a military-run tourism firm and reaffirm the existing US trade embargo—which will be firmly enforced.
The Cuban government response was restrained. In a statement on state television it denounced the measures, but said Havana “reiterates its willingness to continue the respectful dialogue and cooperation.”
“Effective immediately, I am canceling the last administration’s completely one-sided deal with Cuba,” Trump said, to cheers at the Manuel Artime Theater.
That may have been overstating his case. Trump’s new measures mainly relate to stricter enforcement of existing laws that had begun to loosen as Obama sought a rapprochement.
But he won roars of approval and cries of “Viva Cuba libre!” from the invited crowd of Cuban-Americans and Cuban exiles.
And in symbolism that will not be lost in Havana, his crowd included veterans of the ill-fated Brigade 2506, which in 1961 launched the failed US-backed Bay of Pigs invasion. “I am proud to be an American,” said 75-year-old Modesto Castaner, who trained with the CIA in Guatemala before taking part in the failed bid to overthrow Fidel Castro’s rule.
“Trump is keeping his promise. What Obama did was virtually all to the benefit of the Castros... but in exchange for what?”
The new measures prohibit financial transactions with Cuba’s military-backed tourism conglomerate GAESA, which had hoped for a windfall from a new surge in American visitors.
Run by Castro’s son-in-law Luis Rodriguez Lopez-Callejas, GAESA has joint ventures with several foreign firms that have driven a tourism boom, including the Marriott hotel chain.
Even some who oppose the embargo gave Trump’s measures a guarded welcome.
Ramon Saul Sanchez, leader of the anti-embargo Movimiento Democracia, told AFP that the changes do not fully reverse Obama’s open-hand policy as Trump had suggested.
And he welcomed the tightening of rules on dealing with military-run enterprises, which he described as “a mafia.”
“A Cuban small businessman should not be obliged to buy from the only wholesaler that exists now, which is the state,” he said.
“Trump is adding teeth to Obama’s previous policy, and he’s talking about putting the human rights issue first.”
Signing a new National Security Presidential Memorandum, Trump announced stricter application of the rules under which Americans can travel to Cuba.
American citizens will still be able to take commercial flights to Cuba, but once again only for 12 specific reasons—ranging from journalism to educational activities.
Cuban-Americans can still visit and send funds, limiting the impact in Florida, where many emigres settled and where many turned out last year to vote for Trump.
Published: 18-06-2017 10:17