US, Canada set for talks to revise Nafta

- AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE, WASHINGTON
The outlines of a Nafta 2.0 are now on paper, including provisions on auto trade, tougher worker protections and a provision to review the deal every six years

Aug 29, 2018-With a deal with Mexico out of the way, US trade officials are due to resume talks with Canada on Tuesday to try to salvage the North American Free Trade Agreement as a trilateral accord.

After months of intense negotiations, the United States and Mexico announced an agreement Monday on a thorough overhaul of the 25-year-old free trade pact, but President Donald Trump suggested he could cut Ottawa out.

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau stressed in a phone call with Trump that the aim is to reach a new

Nafta deal.

The leaders “had a constructive conversation” on Nafta, and “look forward to having their teams engage this week with a view to a successful conclusion of negotiations,” Trudeau’s office said.

Canadian Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland interrupted a trip to Europe to rush back to Washington to begin talks with US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer.

And Mexican President-elect Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador called for a three-way trade deal, saying “it’s important that Canada also be included.” The outlines of a Nafta 2.0 are now on paper, including provisions on auto trade, tougher worker protections and a provision to review the deal every six years.

“It’s a big day for trade. It’s a really good deal for both countries,” President Trump said in announcing the agreement from the Oval Office, with Mexico’s President Enrique Pena Nieto participating by telephone.

Negotiators have worked for a year to update and rewrite Nafta, but in the last five weeks Washington and Mexico City worked to resolve their bilateral issues without Ottawa.

Trump stressed that he could go ahead without Ottawa in the new agreement.

“We could have a separate deal or we could put it in the same deal,” Trump said.

He indicated he would take a tough line with Canada on autos and dairy tariffs, long a source of tension between the neighboring countries.

There is some urgency as the US seems keen to have the issue resolved before the November midterm elections, and Pena Nieto wants to sign before handing the reins over to Lopez Obrador on December 1. But Canada may not feel the pressure to hurry. Freeland’s spokesman Adam Austen said in a statement Canada “will only sign a new Nafta that is good for Canada and good for the middle class. Canada’s signature is required.”

Mexican officials have insisted all along that the Nafta must be a trilateral deal, but also acknowledged that either way it will have free trade commitments with both nations. Lighthizer said the administration would notify Congress by Friday of the new agreement, which would allow the required 90 days’ notice to get the pact signed by December 1.

However, it was unclear whether the administration has the authority to substitute Nafta with a two-nation trade agreement.

The Canadian team could be more amenable to the talks now that the United States has backed away from a controversial and strenuously-opposed provision to require the three nations to renegotiate Nafta after five years.

Instead, senior US officials told reporters the agreement had been extended for 16 years but would be reviewed every six years. If the parties agree to continue with no changes, it will be renewed for another 16 years.

However, if the governments want to make changes, they will negotiate while the agreement remains in place, giving them a longer time horizon of 10 years to make changes, which is less likely to spook investors and businesses.

Published: 29-08-2018 08:21

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