A brief observation about democracy

Mar 1, 2019-

Democracy is a mechanism of governing the nation through the people’s representatives. It is a system of governance that is completely vested in the will, sentiments and needs of the people. The sovereignty of nations rest on citizens. Democracy comes from the Greek word demos meaning people and kratia meaning to rule. So etymologically, democracy is the rule of the people. It is believed that democracy was first propounded in ancient Greece. Today, it is considered as one of the best governing mechanisms in the world.

As the sovereignty of the nation is vested on the people, they are the ones involved in forming governments and ruling the nation. It is believed that democracy has been the best governing mechanism in modern day, due to the practice of periodic elections, which help choose people’s representatives. These representatives go on to form a legislature and from the legislature, the executive is formed.

As representatives are in the executive body, the needs and desires of the people can easily be fulfilled. If they don’t work as per the people’s need, they won’t be elected by the public in the following election. This process helps hold the executive accountable to the general public.

Democratic principles include checks and balances between the three organs of state—the legislature, executive and judiciary. The legislature makes the laws, the executive implements them and the judiciary checks whether those laws are followed or not. In a democratic nation, the executive is formed by the legislature and the legislature can also dissolve it.

The executive can pardon punishments declared by the judiciary and the judiciary can warrant a stay order against its wrong deeds.

This interrelationship and interdependency among the three organs of the nation makes for the smooth operation of national administration. This can be achieved in a democratic country that runs under democratic principles.

Democracy provides equal opportunities to all citizens. Human rights can be cultivated and actual needs of the people can be fulfilled. But democracy has some drawbacks too. Some people believe that frequent elections make use of large amounts of the national economy, which could instead be used for developmental projects. Elections can also cost the lives of people. If democratic principles are not well consolidated, corruption also rises.

Democracy can help stop violence, discrimination, evil practices and give priority to national development, bringing about equality and economic progress. But the real success of democracy depends on its systematic practice.

Therefore, Nepal should also apply its principles systematically and scientifically as a democratic country. Simply celebrating democracy day is useless, if its principles aren’t properly applied.

Pritam Koirala

Grade 10

Shree Golden Sunrise English School

Published: 01-03-2019 10:56

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