Govt against landfill in new municipalities

- POST REPORT, Kathmandu

Jan 23, 2015-

The government has come forward with a plan to achieve zero landfill sites in the newly-declared municipalities inside the Kathmandu valley. The move is an effort to promote the concept of zero waste, which refers to waste management both at household and commercial level through the reduce, reuse and recycle process.

The Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development (MoFALD) has issued a circular to the respective local bodies, including the municipalities, to adopt the concept within their areas and encourage involvement of private bodies, non-government organisations and companies to effectively manage the solid waste generated from each municipality.

As per the decision, 16 newly-declared municipalities in the Valley need to adopt zero waste approach that promotes sustainable management of waste instead of ferrying it directly to the landfill or dumping sites. “Majority of municipalities in the country are facing the problem of poor management of waste due to lack of adoption of measures that discourage the generation of waste and encourages the principle of reduce, reuse and recycle,” said Sumitra Amatya, chief at Solid Waste Management Technical Centre under the MoFALD.

She said though more than 60 percent of the waste generated inside the Kathmandu Metropolitan City (KMC) in a day is organic and managed at source level, more than 80 percent of the total generated waste reach the dumping site in Sisdole in Nuwakot, the only large scale garbage disposal site in the country. Construction and operation of landfill sites is always an issue of serious concern for authorities both economically and socially in any urban city, Amatya said. The KMC has been facing severe problems due to the poor management of solid waste in the city along with the frequent disturbances, protests and obstructions from local people around the landfill sites.

Though the government in 2011 came up with the Solid Waste Management Act that fosters public-private partnership and explicitly mentions about reduction and segregation of waste at source level, it has not been effectively implemented.

Management of municipal waste has been a major challenge not only for the local government bodies but also for the development agencies, partner organisations and all other concerned. Lack of proper waste management measures and failure to adopt zero waste approach led to severe environmental and public health problems.

Last month, the government declared additional 61 new municipalities across the country, including 16 inside Kathmandu valley.  

The new municipalities in the Valley are Karyabinayak, Godavari, Mahalaxmi, Gokarneshwor, Dakshinkali, Tarakeshowr, Shankharapur, Chandragiri, Bageshowri-Manohara, Nagarjun, Budhanilkhantha, Anantalingeshwor, Tokha Suryabinaya, Changunarayan and Mahamanjushrinagarkot.

Published: 24-01-2015 09:17

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